Acne affects approximately 40 to 50 million Americans annually. It is a chronic inflammatory skin condition that is characterized by comedones, pimples, and deeper lumps called cysts. This condition usually begins in puberty and affects many adolescents and young adults. However, it can occur at any stage of life.
Acne may cause significant physical and psychological trauma, such as scarring, poor self-image, depression, and anxiety. There are several factors causing acne: overactive sebaceous oil glands producing too much oil, clogged pores, family history, hormones, menstruation, emotional stress, and some foods with high glycemic load.
Treatment options for acne include topical therapy and oral antibiotics. Apart from treating acne, it is best to help prevent it from occurring by consistently following a skincare routine and proper diet. For best results, patients should consult with a dermatologist to determine individualized treatment and management plan.